Episode 31: Seven Empty Years

Nebtawyre Montuhotep IV the Invisible.


"A period in which no king reigned." This was the legacy of Nebtawyre Montuhotep IV, a king doomed to be forgotten.


Why was this king shunted to the side?


We explore the reasons, journeying out into the Wadi Hammamat once more, and then back to a kingdom experiencing the turbulence of a civil war.



Dorothea Arnold. "Amenemhat I and the Early Twelfth Dynasty at Thebes." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 26 (1991).

Wolfram Grajetzki. The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. 2006.