Episode 28: The King in the North

Montuhotep II (Part II) and His Court.

The Thebans have finally conquered the North, and defeated their rivals - the Herakleopolitan kings.

Now they must deal with an expanded domain and population, with all the administrative headaches those bring. Monuthotep II, the Victorious, begins to re-organise his government and curb the power of provincial officials.

At Deir el-Bahari, the funerary temple is expanded with beautiful statues. Meanwhile, preparations for the war in Nubia continue, aided by the Vizier Dagi and the royal bodyguard, Horus-Hotep.


A colossal statue of Montuhotep II, from Deir el-Bahari. Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Two sons (?) of the Vizier Dagi; from his tomb, near Deir el-Bahari.

Cliff-tombs of the XIth Dynasty at Thebes, near Deir el-Bahari (click for larger image).

In the foreground are the remains of a Saite Period (mid-1st Millennium BCE) temple/tomb.

Red arrows indicate the tomb entrances.

At left can be seen Hatshepsut's mortuary temple of Dynasty XVIII.



Herbert E. Winlock. "The Theban Necropolis in the Middle Kingdom." The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures. Vol. 32 (1915).

Wolfram Grajetzki. The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. London, 2006.

Wolfram Grajetzki. Court Officials of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. London, 2009.

Gay Robins. The Art of Ancient Egypt. London, 1997/2008.